Paris, 2007 (Audio)
Director: Enrique Mazzola
- Gregory Kunde (Pilade)
- Twyla Robinson (Iphigenie)
- Luca Pisaroni
- Daniela Nuzzoli (Elise)
- Dorothee Lorthiois (Diane)Archivos para descarga:
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Niccolò Piccinni (1728 1800) was an Italian composer of symphonies, sacred music, chamber music, and opera. Although he is somewhat obscure, even to music lovers today, Piccinni was one of the most popular composers of opera—particularly the Neapolitan opera buffa—of his day. Historically, he had the misfortune of falling between the generations of his great predecessors such as Pergolesi and the greats who came after him, including Domenico Cimarosa and Mozart.
Piccinni was born in Bari, and educated under Leonardo Leo and Francesco Durante, at the S. Onofrio Conservatory. For this, he had to thank the intervention of the Bishop of Bari, since his father, although himself a musician, was opposed to his son’s following the same career. Piccinni’s first opera, Le donne dispettose, was produced in 1755, and in 1760 he composed, at Rome, the chef d’œuvre of his early life, La Cecchina, ossia la buona Figliuola, an opera buffa with a libretto by Goldoni, which “enjoyed a two-year run in Rome and was played in all the important European capitals. It can probably be called the most popular opera buffa of the 18th century…[even more than]… Pergolesi’s La serva padrona…[and]… The first of the new era, culminating in the masterworks of Mozart.”
La buona figliuola represents a special moment in the history of eighteenth-century music in which comedy began to take on a new dramatic force. It is the moment at which the self-consciously sentimental theatrical project of Carlo Goldoni (the opera’s librettist) is married with the developing musical language of classicism. This can especially be seen in the sensitive writing of Cecchina’s Act II aria “Una povera ragazza.”
Piccinni’s sighing string figures, warm harmonic cushion, and finely wrought melodic line define the topos of the eighteenth-century sentimental aria.
The opera was such a success that fashions of dress, shops, and houses were all named after La Cecchina. It also set off a debate about the merits of the new sentimental style, especially in England, where conservative reactionaries were wary of the supposed feminizing influence of modern Italian music. Antonio Baretti commented in 1768 that individuals “of weight and consideration” should not be blamed for condemning “those puny gentlemen” who, as enthusiasts of Italian opera, were able to “feel its minuet niceties, and to be of course in rapture with the languishing Cecchina’s of Piccini [sic].” This modern music, Baretti decried, “far from having any power of increasing courage or any manly virtues, has on the contrary a tendency towards effeminacy and cowardliness.”
Six years after this Piccinni was invited by Queen Marie Antoinette to Paris. He had married in 1756 his pupil Vincenza Sibilla, a singer, whom he never allowed to appear on the stage after their marriage. All his later works were successful; but the directors of the Grand Opera conceived the idea of deliberately opposing him to Gluck, by persuading the two composers to treat the same subject – Iphigénie en Tauride – simultaneously. The Parisian public was divided into two rival parties, which, under the names of Gluckists and Piccinnists, carried on an unworthy and disgraceful war. Gluck’s masterly Iphigénie en Tauride was first produced on May 18, 1779. Piccinni’s Iphigénie followed on January 23, 1781. The antagonism of the rival parties continued, even after Gluck left Paris in 1780; and an attempt was afterwards made to inaugurate a new rivalry with Sacchini. Piccinni remained popular, and on the death of Gluck, in 1787, proposed that a public monument be erected to his memory—a suggestion which the Gluckists refused to support.
In 1784 Piccinni became professor at the Royal School of Music, one of the institutions from which the Conservatoire was formed in 1794. On the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789, Piccinni returned to Naples, where he was at first well received by King Ferdinand IV; but the marriage of his daughter to a French democrat brought him disgrace – he was accused of being a revolutionary and placed under house arrest for four years. For the next nine years he maintained a precarious existence in Venice, Naples and Rome; but he returned in 1798 to Paris, where the public received him with enthusiasm, but he made no money. He died at Passy, near Paris. During his life, he worked with the greatest librettists of his age, including Metastasio. After his death a memorial tablet was set up in the house in which he was born at Bari.
Twyla Robinson has consistently earned tremendous praise for her consummate musicianship, dramatic sensibility, and ravishing vocal beauty. She has performed with many of the world’s leading orchestra including London Symphony Orchestra, Berlin Staatskapelle, The Cleveland Orchestra, and Los Angeles Philharmonic, singing under such conductors as Bernard Haitink, Pierre Boulez, Franz Welser-Möst, Esa-Pekka Salonen and Michael Tilson Thomas. For her performances of Brahms’ Ein deutsches requiem, Pierre Ruhe of the Atlanta Journal-Constitution said: “Soprano Twyla Robinson is a major catch. With perfect diction, crisply articulated consonants and a warm, wide vibrato, she purred and comforted…Bliss.”
Robinson begins the season in performances of Zemlinsky’s Lyric Symphony with the Rotterdam Philharmonic conducted by Yannick Nézet-Séguin. She opens the season of The Cleveland Orchestra in a gala performance of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9 with Franz Welser-Möst and then joins Arizona Opera as Fiordiligi in Così fan tutte. Ms. Robinson will perform a recital at Stephen F. Austin University in East Texas and will be heard in Mahler’s Symphony No. 8 in Bochum, Germany. Further orchestra performances include Rachmaninoff’s The Bells with Nashville Symphony, Strauss’ Four Last Songs with Rochester Philharmonic, and Verdi’s Requiem with National Symphony Orchestra.
Robinson began the 2008–2009 season with performances of Strauss’ Four Last Songs with the American Symphony Orchestra in New York City and at the Richard Fisher Center at Bard College. She performed Four Last Songs with the ballet of Opéra National de Paris as part of a tribute to well-known choreographer Maurice Béjart. She was heard as Donna Anna in Arizona Opera’s production of Don Giovanni, joined Hans Graf and the Houston Symphony for Mahler’s Symphony No. 4 and the world premiere of Absolute Ocean, a work for soprano, harp and orchestra, and appeared in concert with the Indianapolis Symphony in a program of Berg, Haydn and Poulenc. She was heard as Countess Almaviva in The Marriage of Figaro, and performed Verdi’s Requiem with Donald Runnicles at the Grand Tetons Music Festival. She finishes the season with a performance of Verdi’s Requiem at the Aspen Music Festival.